The car turbo has become a mechanical element that, in recent years, has been installed in vehicles with smaller displacement engines. Therefore, it is a key piece that we must monitor, especially in two specific moments of driving.
What is the turbo?
The basic operation of a turbo engine is simple: the gases generated by the engine are used to drive more power and increase the revolutions at which it works. Within this system is the intercooler , which is nothing more than an element to cool those gases that come out hot from the engine.
Therefore, it is necessary to cool these gases to prevent the system from heating up, since the hot air occupies more. Thus, by sending cold air to the engine with the turbo , it takes up less space and more enters.
In the following video we show you how the entire process works. The red color represents the exhaust gases of the engine and in blue, the clean air that enters:
At the moment in which the turbo comes into operation, we must take into account a series of factors to extend the life of this part and prevent breakdowns :
1. In engines equipped with turbo (the majority of diesel cars and more and more gasoline vehicles) it is increasingly important to start the vehicle properly, so that the turbo is well lubricated . Keeping it idling for a couple of minutes may be enough.
2. On the other hand, when starting off, especially in winter , the car’s revolutions should not be increased with the engine cold (less than 80-90ºC). As long as your turbocharged car doesn’t get that temperature, don’t force it unnecessarily or breakdowns will appear in a period of no more than five years, in most cases.
3. The same happens when parking the car . It is essential to let the engine idle for a few minutes. Thus, the turbo is cooled and lubricated well, plus the turbine itself will slow down . Otherwise, in the long term, the turbo could be damaged.
With special attention if it has been driven aggressively because if the turbo has remained at high speed, you can get heated excessively. And when the engine is suddenly turned off, it will continue to rotate by its own inertia but without any type of lubrication (it uses the car’s own oil), so it will suffer friction and will last less.
And remember, if you need to replace a spare part or spare part of your vehicle, you can always visit our online spare parts store where we have the best parts at very competitive prices.